Friday, 22 November 2013

Anomocephalus africanus

This small therapsid from South Africa is the most primitive anomodont known. The jaws was equipped with peg-like teeth.

Anomocephalus africanus
Modesto, Rubidge and Welman, 1999
Meaning of generic name
From the Greek words anomos and cephalos, meaning `lawless' and `head', respectively.
Skull length: 21 cm ,Length: ?1.2 m
Holotype (BP/1/5582): partial right side of the skull and some poorly preserved postcranial elements
Age and Distribution
Horizon: Tapinocephalus Assemblage zone, base of the Beaufort Group, Middle Permian (Capitanian?)

Type locality: near Williston, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.
Synapsida Therapsida Anomonodontia
Further Reading
Modesto, S., Rubidge, B., and Welman, J., 1999. The most basal anomodont therapsid and the primacy of Gondwana in the evolution of the anomodonts: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series B, v. 266, p. 331-337.

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