Friday, 29 November 2013

Tupandactylus imperator

Tupandactylus from the Early Cretaceous of Brazil is characterized by its very large head crest made partly of bone and partly of soft tissue (keratin). It was originally described as a species of Tapejara.

Tupandactylus imperator
(Campos & Kellner, 1997)
Meaning of generic name
Tupan (name of the Tupi thunder God) finger

["dactylus"="finger" stands for "pterodactylus"="wing finger" which is too long for an ending - the beginning of the word seems laden with idolatry!]
Meaning of specific name
commander-in-chief or emperor (depending on what period of Latin)
Skull length: 800 mm, Wingspan: ? 2.5 m
Nearly complete skull.
Age and Distribution
Crato Member, Santana Formation (Early Cretaceous, Aptian-Albian) Ceará, Brazil.
Pterosauria Pterodactyloidea Azhdarchoidea Tapejaridae
Further Reading
Campos, D. A. & Kellner, A. W. A. 1997, Short note on the first occurrence of Tapejaridae in the Crato Member (Aptian), Santana Formation, Araripe Basin, Northeast Brazil. An. Acad. Brasil. Ciênc., 69(1): 83-87.

Kellner, A.W.A. & Campos, D.A. 2007, Short note on the ingroup relationships of the Tapejaridae (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea. Boletim do Museu Nacional 75: 1–14.
Tapejara imperator Campos & Kellner, 1997; Ingridia imperator (Campos & Kellner, 1997) Unwin & Martill, 2007
Image by Nobu Tamura (click to enlarge)
Tupandactylus imperator:

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