Thursday, 28 November 2013

Vulcanodon karibaensis

Vulcanodon was a small primitive sauropod from the Early Jurassic of Africa. It was originally classified as a melanosaurid prosauropod based on sharp teeth associated with the skeleton but it was since then shown that the teeth belonged to an unidentified theropod that was scavenging on the remains of Vulcanodon.

Vulcanodon karibaensis
Raath, 1972
Meaning of generic name
Volcano tooth
Meaning of specific name
From Lake Kariba
Length: 6.5 m, Skull length: ?
Holotype (QG 24): postcranial skeleton (pelvis, hindlimb and foot, forearm, proximal section of the tail)
Age and Distribution
Horizon: Vulcanodon Beds Formation, Lower Jurassic (Hettangian).

Locality: Lake Kariba Island, Mashonaland, Zimbabwe.
Dinosauria Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Sauropoda Vulcanodontidae
Further Reading
M. A. Raath. 1972. Fossil vertebrate studies in Rhodesia: a new dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from near the Tria-Jurassic boundary. Arnoldia 5(31):1-37.
Image by Tobu Namura (click to enlarge)
Vulcanodon karibaensis:

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