Saturday, 23 November 2013

Tapinocephalus atherstonei

This common large tapinocephalid gave its name to a geological stratum of the Middle Permian of South Africa, the Tapinocephalus assemblage zone. It has a thick skull roof and a massive bony dome probably used for intraspecific head butting.

Tapinocephalus atherstonei
Owen, 1876
Meaning of generic name
Humble head
Skull length: 45 cm ,Length: 3 m
Several skulls and postcranial elements
Age and Distribution
Horizon: Lower to Upper Tapinocephalus assemblage zone, Lower Beaufort beds, Middle Permian (Capitanian).

Type locality: Beaufort West, Karoo basin, South Africa.
Synapsida Therapsida Dinocephalia Tapinocephalia Tapinocephalidae
Further Reading
Owen, R., 1876. Evidences of Theriodonts in Permian Deposits elsewhere than in South Africa: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 32, p. 352-363.
Tapinocephalus atherstonii Efremov, 1940 (sic); Moschops capensis von Huene, 1956 non Broom, 1911; Taurops macrodon Broom, 1912

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