- Styracocephalus platyrhynchus
- Haughton, 1929
- Meaning of generic name
- Spiked head
- Meaning of specific name
- [broad beak]
- Skull length: 30 cm , Length: 1.8 m
- Holotype (SAM 8936): dorsoventrally compressed skull with greater portion of left ramus of lower jaw.
Referred specimens: SAM K8071 (occiput with portions of skull roof and basicranium); SAM 9346 (Posterior portion of skull roof and separate portion with heeled incisor teeth); SAM K364 (Posterior portion of skull roof); SAM 12201 (Portion of skull roof); SAM 12187 (Posterior portion of skull roof); SAM 12181 (Posterior portion of skull roof with right ‘horn’); SAM 12215 (skull roof with horns preserved, and other skull fragments); BP/1/5433 (Posterior portion of skull roof with left ‘horn’); BP/1/5428 (Fragmentary pieces of skull roof); BP/1/5485 (Portion of skull roof).
- Age and Distribution
- Horizon: Tapinocephalus assemblage zone, Middle Permian (Capitanian).
Type locality: Beaufort West, Fraserburg, Laingsburg, Murraysburg, and Abrahamskraal, Prince Albert, South Africa.
- Synapsida Therapsida Dinocephalia Tapinocephalia Styracocephalidae
- Further Reading
- Haughton, S. H., 1929. On some new therapsid genera: Annals of the South African Museum, v. 28, p. 55-78.
Rubidge, B. S., and van den Heever, J. A., 1997. Morphology and systematic position of the dinocephalian Styracocephalus platyrhynchus: Lethaia, v. 30, p. 157-168.
Saturday, 23 November 2013
Originally described based on a badly preserved skull, the exact affinities of this South African therapsid was unclear until new materials were found. It is now thought to be an unusual primitive tapinocephalian.