Saturday, 23 November 2013

Moschops capensis

This common tapinocephalid from South Africa has a thick skull as a probable adaptation for intraspecific head-butting between competing males. It is unclear how many species of Moschops there are besides M. capensis. M. koupensis from the same strata might be a sexual morph and M. whaitsi is dubious.

Moschops capensis
Broom, 1911
Meaning of generic name
Calf face
Skull length: 40 cm ,Length: 2.5-3 m
Several skulls and postcranial elements
Age and Distribution
Horizon: Lower Tapinocephalus assemblage zone, Lower Beaufort beds, Middle Permian (Earliest Capitanian).

Type locality: Beaufort West, Karoo basin, South Africa.
Synapsida Therapsida Dinocephalia Tapinocephalia Tapinocephalidae
Further Reading
Owen, R., 1876. Evidences of Theriodonts in Permian Deposits elsewhere than in South Africa: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 32, p. 352-363.
Pnigalion oweni Watson, 1914; Moschops oweni (Watson, 1914); Moschoides romeri Byrne, 1937; Moschops romeri (Byrne,1937); Agnosaurus pienaari Boonstra, 1952; Moschops pienaari (Boonstra, 1952)
Images by Nobu Tamura (click to enlarge)
Moscops capensis, version a:
version b:

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